Pecan Facts

Pecan trees are native to North America and grow primarily in the south and southwestern states or the Sun Belt region. The number one producing state is Georgia with Texas being second, New Mexico being third and Arizona being number four. This region is also the primary area for the production of both native and hybrid pecans, and represents approximately 75/80% of the world’s pecan crop.

Pecan trees can live to be very old and in many cases, the native Indians migration was based on the annual pecan harvest period. The native pecans are very adaptive to the hot environment and became a long lasting source of protein for the Native Americans. There are many varieties of both native and hybrid pecans and many do best in certain weather condition while others will not flourish at all. Many do best in the dry arid conditions of the west, such as the Wichita while others cannot survive in this area, others as the Pawnee and or Choctaw do best in the humid eastern area. Each area has its own challenge and requires specific type trees to flourish best in the specific environment.

Pecans are alternate bearing trees and have a production yield of approximately 1200 to 2000 lbs per area, depending on the soil quality, water needs and sun light. For a tree to become productive its takes a minimum of 10 to 15 years, depending on the verity, along with the right soil and weather conditions. A planted hybrid orchard requires all three of the above mentioned requirements plus an ongoing battle to fight insects, fungus, proper water conditions, wet or dry climate conditions, storms, hail, alternate bearing crop, ferlize, expensive equipment and many other farming requirements.